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Article: Are probation services in Europe failing foreign offenders? – by Nick Hammond (2017)


The over-representation of foreign nationals in many European prison services is well known. There are 2.4 times more foreigners in European prisons than in the general population.  What has received limited attention, and less action, is how much this disproportionality may be down to a lack of use of non-custodial, community based sanctions. My hypothesis is that foreign offenders do not receive equal access to community sanctions which poses important questions for probation services in Europe. To read the full article click on download.

By Nick Hammond