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Introduction: Seeking to optimize its activities the Lithuanian prison system is considering the possibilities of introducing electronic measures to monitor inmates inside prisons, resulting in a reduced number of guards who ensure physical security. The Lithuanian Prison Department would appreciate any information in relation to the use of electronic measures for monitoring inmates across Europe.
1. NoneDo you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
2. Not Applicable
NoneDo you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
Electronic monitoring (“tagging”) is not used within the Scottish custodial environment. Electronic monitoring (“tagging”) is used only for post-release Home Detention Curfew (HDC) which is available for assessed prisoners who are nearing the end of their sentences. [See also EuroPris Report 021214 Electronic monitoring and EuroPris Report 090418 Electronic surveillance of convicts] However, Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance is common within the majority of Scottish Prison Service premises including Headquarters, SPS College as well as all establishments. CCTV can be used for any of the following purposes: • to deter prisoners from escaping or attempting to escape; • to deter those having criminal intent and to help reduce the fear of crime; • to assist in the detection of crime, help apprehension and prosecution of offenders; • to provide the Scottish Prison Service with information relevant to the investigation of an alleged crime; • to aid any SPS or criminal investigation; • to give confidence to Scottish Prison Service staff and visitors that they are in a safe or secure environment; • to provide the Scottish Prison Service with information relating to vehicle traffic management; • to monitor the movement of people; • to monitor premises; • to recognise people for entry or exit through specific points; • to improve and provide information relating to Health and Safety matters; • to see what an individual is doing, for example monitoring prisoner visit sessions.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
CCTV contributes to the maintenance of good order and safety.
1. Within the prisons: In prison work areas and prison factories there are closed circuit monitoring systems in place, capable of stationary picture, motion picture and sound recording. The technical system is operated by personnel servicing the operator room, they also continuously monitor the camera images. In cases when inmates go out of the prison: An electronic distance monitoring system is used (EM).Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
2. Within the prisons: A risk map is used by prison services to create a priority order in the process of installation of analogue camera systems and digital cameras, and to set technical parameters for the monitoring devices (infra-sensors and fixed or rotating cameras). The risk map is the result of analytical and appraisal activity, which aims at showing the areas that are most prone to the occurrence of extraordinary incidents – getting in prohibited objects, escape, etc. The possibility for camera image analysis needs to be considered in the course of installing the monitoring devices for cases of extraordinary incidents. In cases when inmates go out of the prison: The electronic distance monitoring system 3MTM is designed specifically for inmate monitoring processes. Each inmate is associated with a tracking device (1 or 2 piece). Tracking is real time in all cases. The unit saves and processes tracking data, which is forwarded to the control center, or to the assigned supervisor. The main components of the system: - Web application - Administrator’s application - 1 or 2 piece units - Exclusively available from the police network - Tracking: through RF, GPS, LBS systems - Communication: GPRS (Telenor network) Alarms can be set according to the personal schedule and zone limits of the inmate. 3. Within the prisons: We are in the process of installing motion detection cameras in the high security risk areas listed below: - tower wall, fence line - courtyards used for outside activities - isolation cells - working areas - hallway sections of detention units - fence sections outside the prison In case of motion detection, the installed motion detector cameras send an alarm to the technical duty service of the prison, and the affected area is displayed in high resolution for the technical system operator. Camera images must be stored for max. 60, but at least 30 days according to the law. Prison practice shows that images are stored for the 30 days period, which is the minimum requirement of the law. In the course of security system development devices have to be designed in a way that they are capable of storing images for the period of 60 days, which is the maximum requirement of the law – devices should have enough storing capacity (capability upgrade). In cases when inmates go out of the prison: With the implementation of the legal institution of ‘reintegration custody’ on April 1. 2015 offenders, who have low risk to society and detained for reason other than manner of living, have the opportunity to spend the last 10 or 12 months of their sentence in an apartment or house they indicate (hereinafter: Residence) and approved by the penitentiary judge (hereinafter: Judge), if the residence meets the requirements set out by the law, if using an electronic tracking device. With the implementation of this new legal institution the range of measures of the penitentiary system expanded significantly facilitating progressive deprivation of freedom, graduality, normalization, minimalizing adverse effects, and successful social reintegration, as well as providing for positive changes in reducing overcrowding. Electronic tracking device is primarily used in providing for the institution of reintegration custody as a statutory state task. At the same time, it is also used in work areas, facilitating the lowering of the workload for personnel. Experience shows outstandingly positive results: prisoners, who are placed in the reintegration custody, are in majority cooperative, successful closed cases show that not even one person was placed back into prison. Prisons fulfill their obligation of data provision related to reintegration custody in time. Data content is continuously monitored by the Custody Cases Service together with Security Service, Central Institute of Investigation and Methodology, as well as IT Department. It can be stated that data provision is suitable for monitoring expected development of reintegration custody placement, for the fulfillment of information providing obligation by the prison service and for the monitoring of the prison services’ willingness to initiate, thus maintaining this service is relevant from the point of view of future analyses. Continued communication on several channels with the prison service made it possible that time data of reintegration custody placement can be tracked, the times of placement and end of custody can be projected. The use of distance monitoring devices was expanded to a pilot project to incorporate monitoring involved prisoners during receiving visitors outside of prison, and other legal institutions involving going outside of prison (for example: leaving for short or longer periods, visiting gravely ill relatives, participation at funeral of close relatives, etc.).
Only digital camera technology is used. This is used to video surveillance of the prisoners, especially in the corridors and in the work and leisure areas. Other devices are not used yet.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
The use of video technology has proven itself.
'Fit Bits' have been introduced for older prisoners in an attempt to encourage them to maintain a certain level of physical activity. These are not used to monitor a prisoners location in the prison and do not provide live data remotely.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
These have proved useful in encouraging a less sedentary lifestyle among older prisoners but would have no further advantage
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The Swedish Prison and Probation Service uses electronic monitoring on four (4) prison sites with the lowest security classification, referred to as open prisons. All inmates wear a bracelet/tag on the ankle which positions them according to the installed electronic monitoring system. Actual positions or traces of inmates whereabouts are/can be displayed on a screen to the monitoring officer. If the tag is removed or if the inmate escapes a notification/alarm goes off.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
The use of EM is beneficial for SPPS in the open prisons. The open prisons includes the inmate’s access to outdoor areas within the total prison area. The inmates also access different indoors activities such as workshop, school, gymnastics and own room. The buildings on the prison sites differs in size and number of floors. So it´s an advantage for the officers to know where the inmates are located in these open prisons. Since headcount is automatically handled it gives officers time for other work. The use of EM is also an increased security measure, giving the officers direct notification/alarm if the inmates escapes. The use of EM in open prisons is recommended. Though it occasionally could be technically demanding from time to time, the use of EM gives SPPS an increased and better control over the inmates in the open prisons. So overall we are having good experiences using EM in open prisons. SPPS would also like to develop the use of EM applying clients on short term leave and back door in the same system. The idea is to get one system using EM on clients reintegrating to society from prison to probation.
We use electronic devices for monitoring of inmates inside the prison only in few open prisons that are located in urban areas. The prisoners wear the same GPS tags inside the prison that they wear when they study or work outside the prison.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?
In above mentioned case, yes.
There is currently no electronic monitoring of offenders inside of prisons through the use of offender wearable technology.Do you find the use of electronic devices beneficial? Would you recommend them?