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This issue belongs to the competence of Justice Ministry. Neverheless, it seems that alternative measures to prison have been more used.1.b) What measures / alternative sentences did you apply to reduce overcrowding / number of prisoners in the POST-TRIAL PHASE?
Mainly, open regimen and telematic control of inmates has been increased.2. a) What measures worked best to achieve the reduction of overcrowding / number of prisoners in the PRE-TRIAL PHASE?
As in question 1 a), this measure is not under our competence.2. b) What measures worked best to achieve the reduction of overcrowding / number of prisoners in the POST-TRIAL PHASE?
The measure applied has worked very efficently. Comparing with the Covid rate outside prisons, the impact of the pandemic inside prisons has been very low.3. a) What where the main challenges in applying such measures or resulting from those measures in the PRE-TRIAL PHASE?
Same answer as 2 a).3. b) What where the main challenges in applying such measures or resulting from those measures in the POST-TRIAL PHASE?
Organising the work of treatment officers and chosing inmates with less propability of recidivism.4. a) Which measures could be continued to be applied in a similar way after the pandemic in the PRE-TRIAL PHASE??
Same as in 2 a)4. b) Which measures could be continued to be applied in a similar way after the pandemic in the POST-TRIAL PHASE??
Application of telematic control of inmates and open regimen has continue in high levels.5. Are you confident that the effects of these measures have changed professional cultures on a long term?
Yes. The covid crises has shown that other controls, different from traditional prison, can be efficently used in order to execute a penal sentence. Also in relation with sentence consisting on privation of freedom. Telematic control of inmates can be used in higher levels as the ones of the pre-covid period.
Supported by the Justice Programme of the European Union